Nginx 配置SSL支持HTTPS协议

2022/04/22 framework 共 1022 字,约 3 分钟
Bob.Zhu

两个目的:1. 配置https的ssl证书,2. 对于http请求自动跳转到https

配置范例

server {
    listen                       443  ssl;
    listen                       [::]:443  ssl;
    server_name                  adolphor.com;
    access_log                   /var/log/nginx/hosts.sentry.access.log  main;
    ssl_certificate              /home/adolphor/certs/fullchain.cer;
    ssl_certificate_key          /home/adolphor/certs/adolphor.com.key;
    ssl_protocols                TLSv1 TLSv1.1 TLSv1.2;
    ssl_ciphers                  HIGH:!aNULL:!MD5;
    fastcgi_intercept_errors     on;
    proxy_intercept_errors       on;
    proxy_ssl_server_name        on;
    # 需要指定body size,不能太小,以支持sentry需求
    client_max_body_size         20m;

    location / {
        proxy_pass http://127.0.0.1:8080;
    }
}

server {
    listen                      80;
    listen                      [::]:80;
    server_name                 adolphor.com;
    access_log                  /var/log/nginx/host.sentry.access.log  main;
    # 将http转为https
    rewrite ^(.*)$   https://$host$1    permanent;
    # location / {
    #     proxy_pass http://127.0.0.1:8080;
    # }
}

安装测试

  • 排查nginx启动是否成功
    • netstat -anp | grep nginx
  • 排查防火墙是否开放了80和443端口
  • 测试外网访问是否连接成功
    • telnet adolphor.com 443
  • 网页请求是否成功
    • curl adolphor.com

错误排查

ssl协议错误

需要在指定443端口的时候,指定ssl协议,否则会出现如下错误:

➜  ~ curl https://sentry.adolphor.com/auth/login/jyfe/\#exception
curl: (35) error:1400410B:SSL routines:CONNECT_CR_SRVR_HELLO:wrong version number

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